Archive for the ‘Phosphate’ Category

Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Phosphate, Vitamin D and Hypertention in Dahl Rats – Sources

Sunday, August 1st, 2010

Clin Exp Hypertens. 1998 Oct;20(7):795-815.

Hypertension development in Dahl S and R rats on high salt-low potassium diet: calcium, magnesium and sympathetic nervous system.

Wu X, Ackermann U, Sonnenberg H.

Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Dietary combination of high salt with low potassium (HSLK) exacerbates hypertension development in Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats, and produces a mild degree of hypertension in otherwise salt-resistant (R) rats. Increased blood pressure in both strains is associated with increased urinary excretion of calcium and magnesium. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of blood pressure on body balance of these ions in Dahl rats on HSLK diet. Two groups of S and two groups of R weanlings were all placed on HSLK diet (NaCl=8%, K=0.2%) for eight weeks. One group of each strain was subjected to chemical sympathectomy with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) to counteract hypertension development. Urinary norepinephrine was used to determine efficacy of 6-OHDA treatment. Systolic blood pressures of conscious animals were measured daily throughout the study. The last three days on the diet were used to determine total dietary intake and urinary as well as fecal excretion of sodium, calcium and magnesium. At the end of the study, extracellular fluid volume, serum aldosterone and parathyroid hormone were analyzed. Final systolic blood pressures in the 4 groups were as follows: S=235+/-9 mmHg (n=9); R=155+/-3 mmHg (n=8); 6-OHDA S=151+/-6 mm Hg (n=8); 6-OHDA R=117+/-6 mm Hg. Chemical sympathectomy decreased blood pressure in both S and R rats. There was no indication of sodium accumulation in S rats. Associated with reduced parathyroid hormone levels the S strain had significantly less positive balance for calcium than the R strain, primarily due to increased urinary excretion. A less positive balance for magnesium was also observed, due mainly to relatively reduced intestinal absorption of the ion. We conclude that the HSLK diet is associated with inappropriate activation of the sympathetic nervous system and increased arterial pressure in both strains. In addition, since divalent cations may influence blood pressure, we suggest that the observed abnormalities in calcium and magnesium metabolism might independently promote hypertension development in the S strain.

Clin Exp Hypertens. 1995 Aug;17(6):989-1008.

Potassium depletion and salt-sensitive hypertension in Dahl rats: effect on calcium, magnesium, and phosphate excretions.

Wu X, Ackermann U, Sonnenberg H.

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