Posts Tagged ‘Hypermethylation’

Impact of inflammation on epigenetic DNA methylation – a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

Monday, May 9th, 2011

Impact of inflammation on epigenetic DNA methylation – a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

Stenvinkel P, Karimi M, Johansson S, Axelsson J, Suliman M, Lindholm B, Heimbürger O, Barany P, Alvestrand A, Nordfors L, Qureshi AR, Ekström TJ, Schalling M.

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

OBJECTIVE: The lifespan of dialysis patients is as short as in patients with metastatic cancer disease, mainly due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). DNA methylation is an important cellular mechanism modulating gene expression associated with ageing, inflammation and atherosclerotic processes.

DESIGN: DNA methylation was analysed in peripheral blood leucocytes from three different groups of chronic kidney disease (CKD) populations (37 CKD stages 3 and 4 patients, 98 CKD stage 5 patients and 20 prevalent haemodialysis patients). Thirty-six healthy subjects served as controls. Clinical characteristics (diabetes mellitus, nutritional status and presence of clinical CVD), inflammation and oxidative stress biomarkers, homocysteine and global DNA methylation in peripheral blood leucocytes (defined as HpaII/MspI ratio by the Luminometric Methylation Assay method) were evaluated. CKD stage 5 patients (n=98) starting dialysis treatment were followed for a period of 36 +/- 2 months.

RESULTS: Inflamed patients had lower ratios of HpaII/MspI, indicating global DNA hypermethylation. Analysis by the Cox regression model demonstrated that DNA hypermethylation (HpaII/MspI ratio <0.01) and cardiovascular (RR 13.9; 95% CI: 1.8-109.3; P<0.05) mortality, even following the adjustment for age, CVD, diabetes mellitus and inflammation.

CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that global DNA hypermethylation is associated with inflammation and increased mortality in CKD

Disclaimer: I must say this: The information presented herein is for informational purposes only. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements, making dietary changes, or before making any changes in prescribed medications.
All posts are strictly opinions meant to foster debate, education, comment, teaching, scholarship and research under the "fair use doctrine" in Section 107 of U.S. Code Title 17. No statement of fact is made and/or should be implied. Please verify all the articles on this site for yourself. The Information found here should in no way to be construed as medical advice. If You have a health issue please consult your professional medical provider. Everything here is the authors own personal opinion as reported by authors based on their personal perception and interpretation as a part of authors freedom of speech. Nothing reported here should be taken as medical advice, diagnosis or prescription; medical advice should only be taken from your health care provider. Consume the information found on this web site under your own responsibility. Please, do your own research; reach your own conclusions, and take personal responsibility and personal control of your health.